What are the Most Common Types of Orthopedic Surgery?

Medical conditions are always difficult to deal with. The indignity of being unable to perform our normal activities, the anxiety of not knowing whether a chronic condition will improve, and the agony of witnessing a family member struggle with an illness are all present.

“When surgery is a possibility, things can quickly become terrifying.”

If you have a musculoskeletal injury or are experiencing pain in your bones, muscles, or joints, you should consult an “orthopaedic physician”. Any orthopedic surgeon or specialist, surgical or non-surgical, is qualified to assess, diagnose, and treat your orthopaedic condition with non-invasive treatments. Orthopedic specialists are more likely to save lives through the use of advanced non-surgical techniques, such as minimally invasive procedures, computer-assisted treatments, and the harvesting and growth of your own cells for cartilage repair.

Orthopedic problems can affect people of all ages. Musculoskeletal injuries can be caused by sports, general wear and tear, or underlying medical conditions such as osteoporosis or arthritis. Orthopedic procedures are numerous and can be used to treat a wide range of conditions such as arthritis, birth defects,injuries and age related conditions. These surgeries, while still invasive, target various areas of the body and are frequently performed. Since technology has advanced, some are only mildly intrusive today. Your orthopaedic surgeon will explain the specific procedure you need, as well as what it entails, the risks involved, and any potential alternatives you may have.

Here are Some of the Common Type of Orthopedic Surgery procedures

1.Knee Replacement or Arthroscopic Surgery: Metal components are used to replace every part of the knee during a total knee replacement surgery. In a partial replacement, only the damaged knee components must be replaced. A small camera is used to detect and treat minor issues within the knee during a typical orthopaedic treatment called knee arthroscopy.

2. ACL Reconstruction Surgery: The anterior cruciate ligament, also known as the ACL, is a major ligament in your knee. It is located diagonally in front of your knees and provides support as you rotate your legs.During surgery, a segment of a tendon from another part of your body will be removed and used as a graft to repair the torn ACL. Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation (RICE) is a home remedy regimen that patients can often begin using the day after surgery. If you’re an athlete, be patient because it can take up to a year to be able to resume your favourite sports.

3.Hip Replacement Surgery: Another common procedure for replacing a joint is hip replacement. The acetabulum, or “socket,” of the hip, and the femoral head are its two main components (the ball). Hip cartilage ages similarly to knee cartilage, particularly when injured. Similar to the knee, there are two distinct replacement operations.In many cases, the entire joint must be replaced. The Birmingham Hip Resurfacing procedure, on the other hand, merely repairs the joint’s damaged areas. However, this is not always an option.

4.Hip Preservation Surgery: Hip preservation is a surgical procedure that delays or prevents the onset of arthritis and, consequently, the need for a hip replacement. The procedures were usually performed on elderly people. Hip preservation, on the other hand, is a relatively new treatment that is being used on younger patients suffering from severe hip pain.This procedure is extremely effective for pain relief while also preserving the hip joint and its function. The procedure takes two to three hours. Patients are crutched for three to four weeks and receive physical therapy to help them heal. They can usually resume their sport within four to six months.

5.Trigger Finger Release: Tendons connect the finger’s base to the tips. They are protected by a shield-like sheath and are in charge of allowing a person to move and flex their fingers. Injury to the sheath, on the other hand, causes inflammation. The patient can no longer fully extend their fingers. Fortunately, these trigger fingers can be surgically treated.

6.Shoulder Replacement Surgery: The upper arm bone’s humerus is removed and a metal ball is inserted in its place during a shoulder replacement procedure. After the doctor has removed the damaged area of the socket, a plastic prosthesis is placed in its place. The rotator cuff, or the tendons and ligaments of the shoulder, would then keep everything in place.

If the rotator cuff is also damaged, the surgeon will perform a Reverse Shoulder Replacement, in which the metal ball is inserted into the socket and the plastic prosthesis is placed on top of the humerus and secured with screws and plates.

7.Spinal Surgery: There are several different types of back procedures, including discectomy, laminectomy, spinal fusion, and kyphoplasty. Since the spine serves as the primary support for the complete skeletal system, they are all crucial. Thankfully, there are techniques to carry out many of these procedures with little intrusion.

8.Ankle Repair: If the joint is unstable after a fracture, ankle repair surgery is required. This indicates that the bones are not properly aligned. The bones are repositioned to their proper position during surgery and held together with implants.For several weeks following surgery, the patient will be required to wear a cast or a boot. Once the ankle bones have healed, the patient will be able to put weight on the foot and perform rehabilitation exercises in order to regain full range of motion.

Benefits of Arthroscopic Surgery vs Traditional Surgery 

Arthroscopic surgery is a sophisticated, cutting-edge treatment that enables your doctor to examine the inside of a joint, spot issues that might not be seen on X-rays or other imaging investigations, and potentially fix those issues. A few small puncture-hole incisions on the skin around the joint are used to accomplish all of this. Here are a few advantages of arthroscopic surgery over conventional surgery that we will go into greater detail about:

  • Smaller incision sizes.
  • Minimal trauma to the body
  • Faster Healing & Recovery
  • Shorter hospital stay
  • Fewer risks and complications
  • Minimal trauma to the body

Advantages of Outpatient Orthopedic Surgery

Outpatient surgery is when a patient has surgery in the hospital and is allowed to go home the same day. It is more commonly used by orthopaedic surgeons in the treatment of various orthopaedic injuries such as fractured bones, torn ligaments, or joint damage.

Because of its numerous advantages, this type of orthopaedic surgery is extremely popular among patients. The use of cutting-edge surgical technologies also aids patients in recovering faster from minor orthopaedic issues. They only need to rest for a few hours at the hospital before returning home with all of their orthopaedic surgeons’ prescriptions and instructions.

The following are the primary reasons that prompt orthopaedic surgeons to perform outpatient surgery on their patients to treat various orthopaedic diseases:

  • Low cost of treatment
  • Easy to fit into hectic schedule
  • Further treatment can be done at home
  • Prevent loss of income
  • Less waiting time for surgery

How can Medsurge India Help? 

Medsurge India is a prestigious support system for patients looking for doctors, hospitals, and specialized treatments. We’ll find the most suitable medical options for you.Regarding your medical issues, our team will give you a list of certified, reputable, and trusted doctors and hospitals. Additionally, we offer a treatment strategy that fits your budget. Apart, we assist patients with obtaining travel authorizations, medical visas, and a multitude of other things.